The 9 main types of carpet materials are wool, silk, cotton, linen, Tencel, jute, bamboo, polypropylene, and nylon. Carpet fibers can be animal fabrics, plant-made fabrics, or synthetic fabrics.
Wool is the most popular type of carpet material. It’s a natural fabric that is harvested from sheep. Wool is renewable and biodegradable. Thus, it is an eco-friendly choice in carpeting.
Silk is a luxurious material in carpeting. The fabric is the by-product of silkworms. Silk is soft to touch and resistant to mold. It is also static-free and does not shed.
Cotton is another common carpet fabric although it is more used in manufacturing clothing. Cotton is great for absorbing water and heat retention.
Linen is a plant-based natural carpet material. Linen is more durable than cotton. Like cotton, it does not generate static electricity and, like wool, it is biodegradable.
Tencel is made up of 99% decomposed wood pulp. It is 50% more resistant to mold than cotton and wool. It also has natural antibacterial proprieties.
Another material used to make carpets is jute. Jute has low thermal conductivity, noise insulation properties, and doesn’t conduct static electricity. It is also biodegradable.
Bamboo is another plant-based carpet material. It is absorbent, odor-resistant, and anti-UV.
Polypropylene is a synthetic carpet fabric. This material is resistant to bleaching during washing or fading due to sun exposure. Like most synthetic fibers it is resistant to mold, mildew stains, water, and shedding. It’s is best for outdoor rugs and carpets.
Nylon is another widely used type of carpet material. It is long-lasting and extremely durable. It’s best for high-traffic areas as it does not stain easily and is scratch/tear-resistant.