The 6 main types of commercial flooring used in buildings are terrazzo, quarry tile, vinyl tile, epoxy flooring, carpet, and rubber flooring.
Terrazzo is the most durable flooring material used for commercial buildings. Not only is it durable, but it is also easily customized.
Custom designs or business logos can be engraved into terrazzo flooring. The end result is an aesthetically pleasing, durable, and long-lasting floor.
Because of the beautifying nature of terrazzo flooring, it is usually reserved for high-end office spaces, entrances, showrooms, etc. However, terrazzo installation and material costs are not suited for small spaces.
Thus, it is typically seen in large high-traffic areas like airports or showrooms where the longevity and utility far outweigh the cost of installation.
Quarry tile is the standard for commercial kitchens. It is able to endure spills, heavy foot traffic, and grease buildup.
Quarry tile is usually made from hard-fired clay. This is much cheaper than using porcelain tiles which do well in heavy-duty areas as well. Quarry tiles offer the same durability at a fraction of the cost.
Once installed properly and maintained regularly, quarry tiling will last a lifetime.
The key to keeping your floor usable is to maintain and clean the floor. For example, clean the floor daily and repair parts of flooring that are worn out.
To be more specific, luxury vinyl tiles (LVT). LVT is prevalent in the common areas of hospitals where it’s durability is well-suited for the high-traffic. But, it is also versatile and attractive enough for use in upscale restaurants.
LVT is a very versatile commercial flooring material. Durable enough to resist scratches, spills, and foot-traffic in offices, schools, etc. However, it is not suited for industrial or commercial kitchen settings.
Epoxy flooring is a mixture of moisture treated concrete slab overlayed with a thermoset resin. The main purpose of the epoxy coating is to aid in preventing wear and tear.
This type of commercial flooring is cost-effective, durable, and versatile. It is strong enough to be installed in manufacturing plants, sanitary enough to be used in labs, and beautiful enough for use in retail stores.
But, it is important to install these commercial flooring types correctly. Before the application of the epoxy coating, one must clean the concrete and patch any cracks with urethane. If not, the coating is more likely to peel or chip.
Carpet tiles are more expensive than broadloom carpets but carpet tiles are easy to replace and maintain. They are the best soft-surface material for high-traffic areas.
There are even industrial-strength carpet tiles and waterproof carpet tiles. As sections become worn out it is easy to replace the tile than to re-seam, re-stretch and replace an entire roll of broadloom.
Rubber flooring is one of the most beneficial types of commercial flooring. It’ durable, slip-resistant, sound absorbent, and helps reduce fatigue.
It’s most common in gyms but is sometimes also seen in hospitals. Gyms use rubber flooring because it is resistant to wear and tear. It helps stop damage to the subfloor in the case of dropping gym equipment on the floor.
Of course, there are a few drawbacks. Once installed, there’s a lingering rubbery smell and it’s not as aesthetically versatile as other commercial flooring options.
- 9 Best Flooring Options for Your Home & How to Choose on a Budget – Money Crashers
- Types of Flooring Materials and Applications in Building Construction – The Constructor
- 6 Best Commercial Flooring Choices: The Pros and Cons of Each – E Sub
- FLOORING TYPES: THE PROS AND CONS OF 7 COMMERCIAL FLOORING CHOICES – Milliken Carpet
- How Much Does A Terrazzo Floor Cost? – ImproveNet
- Terrazzo Flooring Offers Decades of Style and Durability – Home Edit
- Unbiased Guide to Luxury Vinyl Planks and Tiles – Carpet Captain
- What the differences “ceramic” “porcelain” and “quarry” tile? – CTASC Expert Answers